The Chemistry of Alcohol Addiction

The chemistry of alcohol addictionAlcoholism is considered a chronic disease of the brain. This is because, like so many other diseases, addiction is affected by your genetics, environment and lifestyle. Having a family history of alcohol addiction makes you more susceptible to the addictive effects of alcohol. This does not mean you are doomed to be an alcoholic if your close relatives drink. You can become proactive by putting yourself in an environment that does not enable alcoholism. Actively participating in a lifestyle that promotes health helps Ohio residents avoid alcoholism and continue sobriety after rehab.

Chemicals and Alcohol

Addiction is considered a disease is because of the physical effects this substance has on the brain. Chemicals from alcohol cause euphoria, hangovers, memory loss and violence during intoxication and can change the way the brain functions. Over time the brain’s reward system is altered. When brain chemicals are depleted through excessive or prolonged alcohol consumption, damage to the brain is likely.

Short-Term Damage Related to Alcohol Addiction in Ohio

The brain is the command center of the body and controls reasoning, thinking, feeling, speaking, seeing, hearing, reactions, emotions and memory. This is why, along with obvious physical afflictions, those closest to an alcoholic in Ohio will notice changes in personality, mood and behavior. Most of these are short-term effects solved by psychological treatment in rehab and sustained sobriety, and they may include the following:

  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Increased stress
  • Personality changes
  • Mood swings
  • High pain tolerance
  • Lethargy

How Alcohol Addiction Starts in Ohio

Short-term alcohol use may have mild or reversible effects but long-term abuse leads to physical tolerance in Ohio residents. This is when the brain adjusts function to compensate for the presence of alcohol. A change in brain function leads to uncomfortable withdrawal symptoms, increased use to curb those withdrawal symptoms and increased tolerance to match the increased use. This cycle leads to an addiction that will only get worse with time.

Long-Term Damage Resulting from Alcohol Addiction in Ohio

Damage to a vital organ such as the brain has lasting side effects. Medical treatments and various therapies can sometimes lessen the effects of long-term alcohol abuse. These effects may include the following:

  • Major depressive disorder
  • Chronic anxiety
  • Personality disorders
  • Tremors, shakiness
  • Cognitive problems
  • Memory loss
  • Paranoia
  • Panic disorder
  • Hepatic, heart or respiratory illness
  • Death

Addiction is also considered a disease, because it takes a complete transformation to heal its damaging effects. Both the physical and psychological addiction must be addressed and continually treated through support groups and aftercare to maintain lasting sobriety in Ohio.

Ohio Residents Can End Alcohol Addiction

If you or a loved one is struggling with alcohol addiction, call our toll-free helpline to learn more about reversing the chemistry of addiction. We are here 24 hours a day to provide you with information about substance abuse topics and the treatment available to you.